Siglum: 
D-KA Aug. LX
Summary: 
Late twelfth-century antiphoner of which the musical notation was almost completely rewritten in the 13th/14th century. Originated in Zwiefalten; was taken from there to the abbey of Reichenau early in the 16th century. Four-line staff, with red F-line and yellow C-line; seven different notations. Monastic cursus. 276 folios.
Liturgical occasions: 
Ff. 2v-156v: Winter Temporale and Sanctorale. 2v, First Sunday of Advent; 18v, Christmas; 23v, Stephen; 37r, Ferial Office; 45v, Immaculate Conception; 55v, Benedict; 60v, Septuagesima; 66r, Ash Wednesday; 87r, Maundy Thursday; 93v, Easter; (ff. 106r-143v, interpolated material); 153r, Pentecost. Ff. 157r-206v: Summer Sanctorale. 157r, John the Baptist; 163r, Paul; 170r, Afra; 173v, Laurence; 189v, Gallus; 192v, Ursula; 195v, All Saints. Ff. 206v-221v: Common of Saints. Ff. 221v-224v: Dedication of a Church. Ff. 224v-227v: Trinity. Ff. 227v-330r: Elizabeth of Hungary. Ff. 230r-232v: Catherine. Ff. 233r-247r: Summer Histories. Ff. 247r- 248r: Antiphons "ad Benedicite." Ff. 248r-253v: Sundays after Pentecost. Ff. 254r-259r: Invitatory Tones. Ff. 259v-265v: Office for the Dead. Ff. 265v-267v: Chants “ad Mandatum.” Ff. 267v-271v: Ferial Office. F. 272: Common of Mary. Ff. 273r-275r: Benedict.
Description: 

Karlsruhe Aug. LX presents several challenges to the researcher. It is written in six different hands and seven notational styles spanning five centuries. A brief overview is provided below:
1: late 12th-century Carolingian minuscule
2: an early 13th-century hand on ff. 261r-262v
3: a mid-13th-century Gothic minuscule (ff. 225v-230r--the added Offices of Elizabeth of Hungary and Catherine of Alexandria)
4: a mid-15th-century hand (the added material on ff. 104r-144)
5: 15th-century Gothic minuscule (ff. 133v-240v)
6: 15th-centry Humanist hand (140v)

Hain describes the characteristics of each hand in his Ein musikalischer Palimpsest , pp. 21-9; his discussion of the different notations, describing exactly where they are used in the manuscript, can be found on pp. 30-69.

Chants are often written in a haphazard manner: for example, the ending of the antiphon “O clavis David et sceptrum” (14v) is written four lines above where it is begun. This is especially prevalent among verses to responsories (e.g., see ff. 44v, 45r, 65v, 68v, 76r, 170r, 204r, 212v). An extreme example of this is the verse “Averte oculos meos ne videant,” which is begun on 103v but is continued on 142r.

The full texts of the Offices of Elizabeth of Hungary and Catherine of Alexandria can be found in Analecta hymnica, vol. 25, pp. 253-8, and vol. 26, pp. 212-5, respectively. The rhymed Office for Benedict appears full in Analecta hymnica, vol. 25, pp. 145-9.

Differentiae are not notated in Karlsruhe Aug. LX; instead, the mode and differentia of many of the antiphons are indicated by letters (a vowel followed by a consonant). Unfortunately, some of the differentiae appear to have been trimmed off.

Another challenging aspect of this manuscript concerns the multiple sets of folio numbers. The records here correspond to the folio numbering used by the Badische Landesbibliothek in their digital images (posted to the library website in 2015). The Cantus Database records are being edited during the summer of 2015; for example, the former fol. 004r is the new fol. 002r, old 004v = new 002v, etc.

Selected bibliography: 
  • Haggh, Barbara. Two Offices for St Elizabeth of Hungary: Introduction and Edition. Musicological Studies LXV/1. Ottawa: Institute of Mediaeval Music, 1995.
  • Hain, Karl. Ein musikalischer Palimpsest. Ph.D. diss., University of Freiburg, Switzerland, 1925.
  • Heckenbach, Willibrord. “Das mittelalterlichen Reimoffizium ‘Praeclarum late’ zu den Festen das Heiligen Benedict.” In Itinera Domini: Festschrift fuer Emmanuel von Severus OSB zum 80. Geburtstag, 189-210. Münster: Aschendorff, 1988.
  • Omlin, Ephrem P. Die Sankt-Gallischen Tonarbuchstaben. Ph.D. diss., University of Freiburg, Switzerland, 1934.
  • Metzinger, Joseph P. et al., eds. The Zwiefalten Antiphoner: Karlsruhe, Badische Landesbibliothek, Aug. LX. With an introduction by Hartmut Moeller. Ottawa: Institute for Mediaeval Music, 1996.
  • Moeller, Hartmut. Antiphonarium: Karlsruhe, Badische Landesbibliothek, Aug. perg. 60. Codices illuminati medii aevi, 37. Munich: Edition Helga Lengenfelder, 1995. [A colour microfiche reproduction with an introduction that appears in English (with minor changes) in the work by Metzinger et al, referred to above.]
Indexing notes: 
The index for D-KA Aug. LX was prepared at the Catholic University of America by Joseph P. Metzinger, Lila Collamore, Keith Falconer, and Richard Rice. Tonary letters were copied into the records from Omlin’s book by Charles Downey. Folio numbers were adjusted and full texts were entered in 2015 by Marina Gallagher at the University of Waterloo, with editorial assistance from Debra Lacoste.