Fragmented Gradual used in the Church of San Francisco de Quito, Ecuador. Undated. Since Didacus of Alcalá was canonized in 1588 by Pope Sixtus V and this manuscript includes a feast in his name, this manuscript was probably copied at the end of the 16th century, after the arrival of the Franciscan commission to Quito in 1534 led by Jodocus Rickye and Pierre Gosseal who founded the Church and Convent. Vellum; good condition with some humidity; 63x44cm with five-line staff in red ink alternating music and text; 148 folios, no index; Arabic foliation from ff. 1r–115v with red ink; later added Roman foliation from ff. 116r–148v in black ink [f. Ir–XXXIIIv]. Rotunda Gothic script and square notation with F and C clefs with the evidence of a different copyist’s hand on ff. 146v–148v; custos and bars are indicated. Phytomorphic initials on black, blue, yellow and red ink with filigrees designs; cadels in black ink; broken brown leather over broken boards.

Liturgical Occasions: Proper of the Time fols. 1r - 60r Holy Week; fols. 60r - 63v Feria II post Pascha; fols. 64r - 67v Feria III post Pascha; fols. 67v - 71r Feria IV post Pascha; fols. 71r - 75r Feria V post Pascha; fols. 75r - 79r Feria VI post Pascha; fols. 79r - 82v Saturday in Easter Week; fols. 82v - 85r Low Sunday; fols. 85r - 88r Second Sunday after Easter; fols. 88v - 92r Third Sunday after Easter; fols. 92r - 96v Fourth Sunday after Easter; fols. 96v - 101v Fifth Sunday after Easter; fols. 101v - 105r Rogation Days; fol. 105v Eve of Ascension (the Mass of dominica praeterita indicated with rubric); fols. 105v - 109v Ascension; fols. 109v - 113v Sunday within the Octave of Ascension; fols. 113v - 115v Whitsun Eve. New added folios: fols. Ir - Vr Credo; fols. Vv - VIr Duplex major feasts; fols. VIr - XIIIr the Office of Holy Cross Day; fols. XIIIr - XXIIr Annunciation of Mary; fols. XXIIr - XXIIv In week after Peter and Paul; fols. XXIIIr - XXIIIv Mary Magdalene; fols. XXIIIv - XXIVv Pro nec Virgine nec Martyre; fols. XXIVv - XXVIIIr the Mass of Holy Cross Day; fols. XXVIIIr - XXXv the Mass to San Diego of Alcalá [Didacus of Alcalá or S. Didaci]; fol. XXXv the Office of Saint Joachim; fol. XXXIr blank; fols. XXXIv - XXXIIIv the sequence Victimae paschali laudes; fol. XXXIII is half broken.

Selected bibliography: 

Coloma de Reed, Alicia. La Sociedad Filarmónica de Quito. 50 Años. Quito: Mariscal, 2002, p. 14.

Cordova de Salinas, Diego. Crónica Franciscana de las Provincias del Perú, ed. Lido G. Canedo. Mexico: Editorial Jus, 1957.

Estevez, Jesus. 'The Music Manuscripts in the Church of San Francisco de Quito: An Undocumented Collection', Fontes Artis Musicae, Vol. 66, No. 1 (January-March, 2019), pp. 26-41.

Gallegos Arias, José & Mercé Gandía, José. Iglesia y Convento de San Francisco: Una Historia para el Futuro. Quito: Instituto Nacional de Patrimonio Cultural, 2011.

Gento Sanz, Benjamin. 'The History and Art of the Church and Monastery of San Francisco de Quito', The Americas, Vol. 4, No. 2 (October, 1947), pp. 175-194.

Gento Sanz, Benjamin. Historia de la obra constructiva de San Francisco desde su fundación hasta nuestros días 1535–1942. Quito: Imprenta Municipal, 1942.

Moreno, Agustín. Fray Jodoco Rique y Fray Pedro Gocial: Apóstoles y Maestros Franciscanos de Quito. Quito: Ediciones Abya-Yala, 1998.

Pérez Abad, Antolín. Los Franciscanos en América. Madrid: Editorial MAPFRE S.A., 1992, p. 203.

Stevenson, Robert. La Música en Quito 2nd ed. Quito: Banco Central del Ecuador, 1989, p. 7.

Stevenson, Robert. 'Music in Quito: Four Centuries', The Hispanic American Historical Review, Vol. 43, No. 2 (May, 1963), pp. 247-266.

Notes on the Inventory: 
The index for EC-Qp16bsf18 was prepared by Jesus Estevez at the Universidad San Francisco de Quito USFQ.
Complete / partial inventory: 
Full source / fragment: 
Fragment or Fragmented