D-FUl Aa 55
Fourteenth- or fifteenth-century summer season antiphoner from the collegiate church of Rasdorf near Fulda, Hessen, Germany. Gothic notation on five-line staves with red F-line and yellow c-line. Cathedral cursus. 214 folios. 26 x 35.3 cm.
Liturgical occasions: 
Ff. 1r-77r: Temporale. 1r, Tonary; 2r, Easter; 17v, Holy Lance; 25r, Rogation Monday; 25v, Ascension; 31v, Pentecost; 36v, Trinity; 41v, Corpus Christi; 46r, Summer Histories; 69v, Sundays after Pentecost. Ff. 77r-193v: Sanctorale. 77r, Dedication of a Church; 82r, Tiburtius, Valerian and Maximus; 83r, George; 84r, Mark; 84r, Vitalis and Valeria; 84r, Philip and James; 85r, Finding of the Cross; 87v, John before the Latin Gate; 88r, Pancras and Companions; 88r, Boniface; 92v, John the Baptist; 96v, John and Paul; 98r, Peter and Paul; 102v, Paul; 106v, Visitation of Mary; 112r, Moving of Martin’s relics; 112v, Kilian and Companions; 118r, Margaret (Marina); 122r, Mary Magdalene; 127r, Anne; 130v, Simplicius, Faustinus and Beatrix; 135v, Peter in Chains; 137v, Finding of Stephen’s relics; 142v, Laurence; 147r, Hippolytus; 147v, Assumption of Mary; 153v, Beheading of John the Baptist; 156v, Nativity of Mary; 160r, Holy Cross; 160v, Matthew; 161r, Maurice and Companions; 161v, Michael the Archangel; 166v, Moving of Januarius’s relics; 167v, All Saints; 172r, Martin; 178v, Elizabeth of Hungary; 177v, Brice; 183r, Cecilia (Cecily); 186v, Clement I; 188v, Catherine of Alexandria; 193v, Conversion of Paul. Ff. 194r-214v: Common of Saints. 194r, Common of Apostles; 197v, Common of several Martyrs; 201v, Common of one Martyr; 205v, Common of one Confessor; 209v, Common of several Virgins; 213v, Sundays after Pentecost; 214v, Votive Office for Mary.

The liturgical cursus and repertory, differing from the Benedictine liturgy of the abbey church, probably reflect those of the household chapel of the abbots of Fulda, who maintained a community of clerks drawn from the neighbouring collegiate chapels of Rasdorf, Hünfeld and Salmünster.

Of particular interest are the historiae for the patron saints of Fulda, Boniface (88r) and Simplicius, Faustinus and Beatrix (130v). (These are currently being edited for the series Historiae, published by the Institute of Mediaeval Music.) Also rare is the Office for Kilian and Companions (112v), seventh-century Irish missionaries to Franconia. Notable is the inclusion of chants for Januarius of Benevento. The position of these chants in the antiphoner suggests the feast of his Translation (Oct. 23).

The foliation for this index follows that given by a modern hand in the top right corner of the recto sides of the folios. The differentiae of each mode have been numbered with a two-digit system: an upper-case letter indicating the final pitch of the differentia and a sequentially-ordered numeral. Chants not found in CAO have been assigned arbitrary numbers prefixed by “ful.”

Selected bibliography: 
  • Hettenhausen, Hansheinrich. “Die Choralhandschriften der Fuldaer Landesbibliothek,” 32-34. Ph.D. Diss., Marburg University, 1961.
Indexing notes: 
The index for D-FUl Aa 55 was prepared by Kate Helsen (Universität Regensburg) with editorial assistance from Andrew Mitchell (University of Western Ontario). David Hiley provided generous assistance in creating this “about” file.